Lesson 4 : Future Tense

Future Tense atau Simple Future digunakan untuk menyatakan peristiwa yang Akan Terjadi. Future tense adalah tentang Nanti. Sesuatu arti katanya Future yaitu “Masa Depan”. Karena itu dalam Future Tense penggunaan kata Will, Shall yang artinya akan pastilah mendominasi.

Masih ingat pembagian Tenses dalam garis besar kan? Yes, ada 3 besar Tenses yaitu: Past, Present dan Future (Dulu, Kini, Nanti).

Rumus Future Tense
Positif: S + will + V1
Negatif: S + will + not + V1
Tanya: Will + S + V1
Shall jarang digunakan. Bisanya Shall untuk Subject I dan We (I shall…, We shall….) dan tidak untuk yang lain. Tetapi lebih sering orang pakai I will.. dan We will.. Jadi untuk I dan We boleh pakai baik will atau shall. Sedangkan Subject yang lain seperti HE, SHE, IT, YOU, THEY, WE semuanya pakai Will. Kalau begitu, untuk mempermudah pemahaman saya HANYA akan gunakan WILL saja. Kan “WIL” itu enak toh? Itu tuh yang L nya satu! haha… becanda ya.

Contoh Kalimat Positif dalam Future Tense:
-I will study
-You will swim
-They will visit Tokyo

Silahkan buat sendiri contoh Future Tense versi Anda ya. Buat dalam hati saja, lalu ucapkan sendiri, hehe.. Sengaja contoh saya persimple agar mudah dimengerti.

Future Tense Kalimat Negatif
Kalimat Negatif untuk Future Tense juga luar biasa mudah, jauh lebih mudah dibandingkan menjalankan Internet Marketing Indonesia misalnya, apa hubungannya? ya nda ada sih. sekali-sekali ngelantur agar nda bosan, toh pelajaran ini ringan kok..

-I will not study
-You will not swim
-They will not visit Tokyo

Mudah kan?

Future Tense Kalimat Tanya
Tinggal dibalik saja, Will nya di depan.

-Will You study?
-Will You swim?
-Will They visit Tokyo?

Tentunya karena Future Tense bicara “Akan” maka keterangan waktu berikut biasa ditambahkan: tomorrow, next month, three days to go, next year dan segala sesatu yang menunjukkan “akan” tersebut.

-You will swim together tomorrow
-They will visit Tokyo next year
-No one will stop us now from loving each other
-I dont think They will come on time

Lesson 3: Present Continuous tense

Present Continuous tense dalam tenses bahasa inggris digunakan untuk tindakan yang sedang berlangsung sekarang, kejadian di waktu sedang berbicara dan tindakan yang berlangsung hanya untuk jangka waktu yang singkat. Present Continuous tense disebut juga dengan Present Progressive Tense
Penggunaan :
1. kejadian sekarang atau kegiatan sementara
contoh : Mr. Teguh is writing a new book
Mr. Teguh sedang menulis buku baru
2. Rencana di masa depan yang sudah pasti waktunya (pribadi)
I am going to Surabaya at 07.30 tomorrow
Saya akan pergi ke Surabaya jam 7.30 besok
3. kejadian terkait atas sesuatu atau seseorang disekitar waktu sekarang atau sedang berbicara
contoh : it is raining day
hari ini sedang hujan

Rumus Present Continuous Tense :
Positif (+):
subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
Negatif (-) :
subject + to be + not + verb – ing + object
Tanya (?) :
to be + subject + verb – ing + object
Contoh Present Continuous Tense :
I am watching TV now (+)
Mr. Khanafi is not going to Jakarta (-)
Is Mrs. Annisa cooking in the kitchen ? (?)

Present Continuous tense membutuhkan :
– kata kerja “to be”
Tunggal,
I am (orang pertama)
You are (orang kedua)
He / she / it is (orang ketiga)
Jamak,
We are (orang pertama)
You are (orang kedua)
They are (orang ketiga)
– bentuk kata kerja “-ing”
Contoh :
Go + ing = going
– Keterangan waktu (adverb of time) yang sering digunakan dalam Present

Contoh lain Present Cont Tense:

– We are studying English now. (Kita sedang belajar bahasa Inggris sekarang).
– She is listening to the music now. (Dia sedang mendengarkan musik itu sekarang).
– I am discussing English with my colleagues now. (Saya sedang mendiskusikan bahasa Inggris dengan teman-teman kerja saya sekarang).
– They are playing football now. (Mereka sedang main sepakbola sekarang).
James, the gardener, is watering plants now. (James, si tukang kebun, sedang menyirami tanaman sekarang).

– We are not studying English now. (Kita tidak sedang belajar bahasa Inggris sekarang).
– She is not listening to the music now. (Dia tidak sedang mendengarkan musik sekarang).
– I am not discussing English with my colleagues at the moment. (Saya tidak sedang mendiskusikan bahasa Inggris dengan teman-teman kerjaku sekarang).
– They are not playing football now. (Mereka tidak sedang main bola sekarang).
– James, the gardener, is not watering the plants now. (James, si tukang kebun, tidak sedang menyirami tanaman sekarang).
– I am not writing this note while my wife is not washing clothes. (Saya tidak sedang menulis catatan ini, sementara istri saya sedang mencuci pakaian).

– Are we studying English at the moment? (Apakah kita sedang belajar bahasa Inggris sekarang?).
– Is she listening to the music now? (Apakah dia sedang mendengarkan musik sekarang?).
– Am I discussing English with my colleagues now? (Apakah saya sedang mendiskusikan bahasa Inggris dengan teman-teman kerja saya sekarang?).
– Are they not playing football now? (Apakah mereka tidak sedang main bola sekarang).
– Is James, the gardener, not watering the plants now? (Apakah James, si tukang kebun, tidak sedang menyirami tanaman sekarang?)

Continuous tense :
“NOW, RIGHT NOW, TOMORROW,etc”
Berikut latihan Present Continuous tense bahasa inggris.
Latihan : terjemahkan kalimat ini kedalam bahasa inggris
1.Jack sedang tidur sekarang
2.Mary sedang mengerjakan tugas itu
3.Kami sedang menonton sebuah film di televisi
4.Mereka sedang bermain bola di halaman sekarang
5.Guru itu sedang menerangkan pelajaran itu.
6.Perusahaan itu sedang tumbuh dengan pesat sekarang.
7.Harga saham di bursa Efek Jakarta sedang naik sekarang
8.Pak Adi sedang mengajar bahasa Inggris di kampus sekarang
9.Polisi tersebut sedang mencari Ali sekarang.
10.Ana, Ani, dan Tom sedang berdiskusi sekarang.

Lesson 2: Past Tense

Formula untuk Simple Past Tense adalah:
Subject + Verb2 + Object + Modifier
Contoh:
Farmers in Jati Bali grew rice crops 6 months ago. (Petani-petani di Jati Bali bercocok tanam padi 6 bulan yang lalu).
Some students conducted research on vegetative plant propagations last year. (Beberapa siswa melakukan penelitian pada perbanyakan tanaman vegetatif tahun lalu).
Transpiration started to increase 3 hours ago. (Transpirasi mulai meningkat 3 jam yang lalu).
Note: jika subject diikuti oleh adjective atau noun, gunakan be was jika subject-nya I, he, she, it atau noun yang dapat digantikan oleh he, she atau it, dan gunakan were jika subject-nya you, they, we atau noun yang dapat digantikan dengan you, they atau we.
Subject + (was/were) + adjective/noun
Contoh:
He was poor. (Dia (dulu) miskin).
She was a good dancer. (Dia (dulu) penari yang bagus).
They were friends. (Mereka (dulu) berteman).

Penggunaan Simple Past Tense

1. Simple Past Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian-kejadian yang telah berakhir (completed action), yang terjadi pada waktu yang spesifik di masa lampau.
Contoh:
I went to Kuta beach yesterday. (Saya pergi ke pantai Kuta kemarin).
He was my boyfriend. (Dia (dulu) adalah pacar saya).
The tsunami swept Banda Aceh and more than a hundred thousand people died. (Tsunami menyapu Banda Aceh dan lebih dari seratus ribu orang meninggal dunia).
This plant was 1 meter tall last month but it is almost 2 meters now. (Tanaman ini setinggi 1 meter sebulan yang lalu tapi tingginya hampir 2 m sekarang).
I was a very bad badminton player a year ago but I kick everybody’s ass now. (Saya (adalah) seorang pemain bulutangkis yang sangat jelek satu tahun yang lalu tetapi saya mengalahkan semua orang sekarang)

Keterangan waktu yang sering digunakan dalam Simple Past Tense, antara lain:
yesterday (kemarin)
ago (yang lalu). Misalnya: a minute ago, two days ago, a week ago, three months ago, two years ago, etc.
last (yang lalu). Misalnya: last week, last year, last two days, last Monday, last December, etc.
this + morning/noon/afternoon/evening.

Negative Form

Bentuk negatif dari kalimat dalam Past Tense dibuat dengan cara sebagai berikut:
Tambahkan kata bantu did setelah subject.
Tambahkan not setelah kata bantu did.
Rubah verb2 menjadi verb1.
Jadi, setelah ketiga tahapan dilakukan, kalimat negatifnya akan mengikuti pola sebagai berikut:
Subject + (did) + not + Verb1 + Object + Modifier
Note: Jika kalimat positifnya menggunakan to be was atau were, kata bantu did tidak diperlukan. Yang perlu dilakukan di sini hanyalah menyisipkan not setelah to be.
Contoh:
I did not go to Kuta beach yesterday. (Saya tidak pergi ke pantai Kuta kemarin).
The tsunami did not sweep Medan. (Tsunami tidak menyapu Medan).
This plant was not 2 meters tall last month. (Tanaman ini tidak setinggi 2 meter sebulan yang lalu).
I was not a very good badminton player a year ago. (Saya tidak seorang pemain bulutangkis yang sangat bagus satu tahun yang lalu).
Yes/No Questions

Yes/No Questions untuk Simple Past Tense adalah sebagai berikut:
Did + Subject + Verb1 + Object + Modifier?
Note: Jika kalimat positifnya menggunakan verb be (i.e. was atau were), tempatkan verb be sebelum subject.
Contoh:
Did farmers in Jati Bali grow rice crops 6 months ago? (Apakah petani-petani di Jati Bali bercocok tanam padi 6 bulan yang lalu?).
Did some students conduct research on vegetative plant propagations last year? (Apakah beberapa siswa melakukan penelitian pada perbanyakan tanaman vegetatif tahun lalu?).
Did transpiration start to increase 3 hours ago? (Apakah transpirasi mulai meningkat 3 jam yang lalu?).
Weren’t you a bad badminton player last year? (Tidakkah kamu pemain bulutangkis yang jelek tahun lalu?)

Lesson 1: Present Tense

Dalam bahasa Inggris Present Tense atau Simple Present Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan peristiwa atau kejadian, kegiatan, aktivitas dan sebagainya yang terjadi saat ini. Present Tense juga digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu Fakta, atau sesuatu yang tejadi berulang-ulang dimasa KINI. Ingat, PRESENT artinya adalah kini, sekarang. biasanya terdapat kata: usually, every, always, often

Rumusnya:
Positif: S + V1 (s/es)
Negatif: S + DO/DOES + NOT + V1
Tanya: DO/DOES + S + V1

Contoh Kalimat Positif:
I drink coffee
She drinks coffe
We drink coffee
Contoh kalimat Negatif:
I do not drink coffee.
She does not drink coffee.
John Scoping does not learn english.

Kalimat positifnya: I drink coffee
Kalimat tanya menjadi: DO you drink cofee?

Kalimat positif: She drinks coffe
Kalimat tanya: DOES She drink coffee?

if you have any question, don’t hesitate to ask ..
you can also give your own example

THE DISASTER STORY

Have you once felt in one time your life will end soon? Have you? Well…I have and I always remember that. It was on May 27th, 2006. What happened on that day? Let me give you a clue, it was a natural disaster happened in Yogyakarta. Do you remember? Yes, at that time the tectonic earthquake happened in Yogyakarta and I was still in college.

The story started when I just woke up in the morning and just stayed in my bedroom since it was Saturday. The quite morning suddenly broke up when walls in my badroom shaken and my books dropped off from the bookshelf. The movement was getting stronger and I quickly jumped off from my bedroom and saw panic face from all my friend. Then we went of from our boarding house only to see Mount Merapi. It produced big smoke, so we though it has erupted and caused the earthquake, because at that time the merapi status was in alert notice.

Then the smaller intensity of earthquake happened and we couldn’t do anything. I scared and worried if the eruption would reached my boarding house. But, when we turned on the radio, because the electricity was off, we heard the epicentrum was from south sea, not from the volcano. the magnitude was quite big, for about 5,9 richter scale. I also heard from the radio, one dead of heart attack triggered by the earthquake. I talked to myself, the victim was unlucky. Then, you know what? The numbers of victim was rapidly increasing. From one to ten, from ten to hundreds. Oh my God, I just realized that it was a serious disaster. I didn’t believed before because I didn’t see any serious destruction and no victim around me. Most of the victim come from bantul, the nearest place from the epicentrum. The earthquake also reached many other region, such us Boyolali, Sukoharjo, Solo, and Magelang in Central Java.

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BM#5 Your Body Speaks: Why I Love Football

Fellow Toastmasters and Distinguist guest …

I have a simple question, do you know what is the most popular sport in the world? I’m sure that if you have seen last sport event competition among southeast Asian country, SEA Games or maybe LA Galaxy coming with their stars, you can answer the question. Yes, absolutely right! The answer is football.

Football competition I love the most is Champion Leage. Champion Leage participants come from the big four from every major division such as Premier league, Serie A, or La Liga. I really love the passion of a great rivarly game. It’s great when your my favorite team, Barcelona wins a big rivarly, and it’s fun.

Source: http://alfisar13dotcom.files.wordpress.com

Here are some reasons why I love football:

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Knowing your passion

Fellow Toastmaster and Distinguished Guest

I have a simple question .. do you really love what you do? Do you really love your job? This is very important, because to get a happy life we have to love everything we do … We do what we love because we have passion on it include career!

Passion are activities that leads us to satisfying life that manifest our values and joy. They are the activities that we naturally enjoy. The first clues are the activities in our lives that gave as the deepest satisfaction we can remember. Passion what we enjoy the most and something that motivate us to wake up in the morning.

Here are some questions that can guide us to finding our ultimate passion:
1. What puts a smile on your face?
Is there a particular event or topic taht makes your whole face just lighten up? Whatever it is makes you smile and make you happy whenever you encounter it, this is a sign of something you are passionate about. I believe that happiness and passion walk hand in hand. Think about something that you do or that perhaps you used to do that brings peace to you when you do it. Peace is happiness and happiness is passion.

2. What sparks your creativity?
Think about someting in your life where you seem to always expand its horizon, always coming up with new, fun and exciting ideas relating to that subject. Whatever make you creative, is probably something that you are very passionate about.

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